San Luis Obispo SCORE would like to thank the Santa Barbara Economic Development Collaborative for the framework for the Santa Maria Valley Business Start-up Guide.  Their document, Santa Barbara County Business Start-up Guide (https://santabarbara.score.org/), formed the basis for this document and we are most grateful for their permission to share their document on our website with a few changes for Santa Maria Valley

This guide is meant to give you the steps you need to take to begin your business. It is not a legal document but we have made every effort to make it accurate.  Our advice to any aspiring business owner: Contact a licensed California attorney for any legal questions.

It is also wise to contact the city, county, and state offices where your business will operate to ensure compliance with all the requirements of business ownership for your intended business type and location.

Research and Business Plan

Market Feasibility

Before you begin any business venture, it is important to adequately research the industry and potential market of your product or service. The best practice is to look at your competition locally, nationally, and internationally if you operate there. 

Begin your research by identifying:

  • How is your product or service different from what your competitors offer?
  • How is what you do different from your competition?
  • Are you bringing more value to your marketplace?
  • What customer’s problem are you solving with your product or service?
  • Are you helping customers fill a need or desire they have?

Your local library (https://www.santabarbaraca.gov/gov/depts/lib/collections/library_databases/default.asp) may have online tools available for industry and market research searchable databases, such as Reference USA, that contain economic industry profiles and directory information of thousands of U.S. businesses and households.

Business Plan and Business Model Canvas

Writing a business plan is an essential step in your startup actions for your business. It describes how you intend to operate your business There are nine parts to a standard business plan: the Executive Summary: Company Description, Products and/or Services, Marketing Plan, Operational Plan, Management and Organization, Personal Financial Statement, Startup Expenses, and Financial Plan. If you are planning to apply for a loan, a business plan will most likely be required.

  • The SBA provides a guide to writing a plan quickly and efficiently using business plan templates. Learn more at SBA Business Plan Guide (sba.gov/business-guide/plan-your-business/write-your-business-plan).  SCORE San Luis Obispo also provides a Simplified 1 Page Business Plan, suitable if you are not seeking a loan, at SLO_1 page_Simplified Business Plan.
  • SCORE Financial Planning Worksheets- Financial planning and cashflow management spreadsheets (Excel) are available through SCORE. Learn more at SCORE (https://www.score.org/) by entering “business plan” or “financial plan” in the search box.

A Business Model Canvas (BMC) can be both a window into the operation of your business and a 1-page description of your business suitable to include in your business plan.  The 9 areas of a BMC (Value Proposition, Customer Segments, Channels, Customer Relationships, Key Resources, Key Activities, Key Partners, Revenue Streams, and Cost Structure) provide an investor (including you personally) with an easily understood overview of your operation. For more information about how to use a BMC read San Luis Obispo SCORE’s blog here: (https://sanluisobispo.score.org/business-model-canvas-keep-up-with-times)

Research Licenses and Permits Required

The best thing you can do before you open your business and preferably during the research phase of your new venture is to confirm all of the permit and license requirements necessary to maintain compliance with all local, state, and national regulations. Do not make assumptions on which permits and licenses apply to your business and which do not. Be sure to receive confirmation from the different regulatory agencies. In addition to a general business license, there may be home occupational, health and safety, and regulatory permits that apply specifically to your type of business.

If your business is located or operates in a city within Santa Barbara County, a good place to start is with your local city office. Each City’s (including the County) contact information is listed below.

If your business is located or operates in an unincorporated area of Santa Barbara County:

If your business address is located in the unincorporated areas, or you conduct business in the unincorporated areas, please contact the Santa Barbara County Treasurer-Tax Collector (https://www.countyofsb.org/taxcoll/index.aspx).

Santa Barbara Office of the Santa Barbara County Treasurer-Tax Collector (countyofsb.org/ttcpapg/taxcoll/maps.aspx#)  
105 E. Anapamu St. Room 109 
Santa Barbara, CA 93101 

(805) 568-2920

Santa Maria Office of the Santa Barbara County Treasurer-Tax Collector (countyofsb.org/ttcpapg/taxcoll/maps.aspx#)  
511 Lakeside Pkwy 
Santa Maria CA 93455 

(805) 346-8330

The California Governor’s Office of Business and Economic Development offers comprehensive permit and regulatory compliance assistance to all businesses in California, helping business owners identify the permits needed to start a new business or expand an existing one. Learn more at GO Biz (business.ca.gov/advantages/permit-and-regulatory-assistance).

Steps to Obtaining Business Permits and Licenses

Opening a business legally while maintaining compliance with all permits and license requirements can be complicated but all San Luis Obispo County cities provide great customer service to facilitate business compliance and license requirements. To begin, use the checklist list below as a guide through the process.

  1. Determine your business name.
  2. Obtain a Fictitious Business Name (FBN), if necessary, and advertise the FBN in a local. See further information below.
  3. Determine your business entity (if any).
  4. Contact the California Department of Tax and Fee Administration for information on whether your business will need to file sales and use taxes. Apply for a seller’s permit if your business will be reselling the merchandise.
  5. Research additional local and state taxes that may be applicable to your business.
  6. Apply for a business license with the city or unincorporated area of the county where your business will be located in.
  7. Apply for your FEIN number for tax filing purposes.
  8. Register with the California Employment Development Department (EDD) if necessary. See further information below.
  9. Apply for a Dun & Bradstreet D-U-N-S® Number to establish your business credit file.

1. Determine Business Name:

You will need to select a name for your business. It is important to select a name that is unique, non-descriptive, and non-generic, otherwise, you may later be prevented from using it and/or stopping others from benefitting from the goodwill you create.

  • Check your proposed name availability on the CA Secretary of State’s Name Reservation website  (sos.ca.gov/business-programs/business-entities/name-reservations
  • Conduct a “Google” search for your business name to identify business names that may be in use but have not been registered with regulatory agencies.
  • Use the United States Patent and Trademark Office website Trademark Electronic Search System (TESS) (uspto.gov/trademarks/search) to see if any trademark has already been registered or applied for that is live, similar to your business name, or used on related products or for related services.

2. Obtain a Fictitious Business Name:

If you plan to conduct business in a name other than your surname or the business has more than one owner you must file a Fictitious Business Name and publish it in a newspaper. You must run an ad in a major newspaper within 30 days of filing, once a week for four weeks. A list of approved publications will be provided to you at the time of filing. Proof of the run must be submitted within 30 days of the final run to the County Clerk’s Office.

  • A Sole Proprietorship requires an FBN if it is doing business with a name that does not contain the last name of the owner.
  • A partnership or other association requires an FBN if it is doing business with a name that does not include the last name of each general partner or a name that suggests the existence of additional owners.
  • A limited partnership, corporation, or Limited Liability Company requires an FBN if it will be doing business with a name not stated in the Articles of Incorporation or Articles of Organization filed with the California Secretary of State. 

To reach the County of Santa Barbara Clerk-Recorder Division: Fictitious Business Name Via the Web: (https://www.slocounty.ca.gov/Departments/Clerk-Recorder/All-Services/Fictitious-Business-Name-New-Filing.aspx)

Or in person, mail, or phone County of Santa Barbara Clerk-Recorder Division: 
110 Anacapa St.
Santa Barbara, CA 93101 

(805) 568-2250

3. Determine Business Entity:

Prior to deciding what entity to select, it is important to make sure you understand the pros and cons of each. It may be worth discussing with a licensed California attorney. Depending on your business entity, you may need to register with the Secretary of State in addition to all other permits and licenses described in this document.

  • If you choose to open your business as a sole proprietor, you cannot register with the Secretary of State.
  • For a general partnership, you may register with the Secretary of State if you wish to do so.
  • For a corporation (either stock or nonprofit), a limited liability company, or a partnership,(limited or limited liability), you must file with the Secretary of State’s Office.

Secretary of State (sos.ca.gov/business-programs
Business Programs Divisions
1500 11th St.
Sacramento, CA 95814 

(916) 657-5448

4. Register with the California Department of Tax and Fee Administration:

This state agency is the governing body for sales and uses tax and issues Seller’s Permits. Any business that sells tangible personal property needs to obtain a State resale permit tax number from the California Department of Tax and Fee Administration. To determine if your business requires such a permit, you may first contact them by telephone. Be sure to check with the department below to determine if sales or use tax is applicable to your product or service and do not make assumptions that sales and use tax is not applicable to your business’s product or service. Learn more at CDTFA (cdtfa.ca.gov).
Local Office for the California Department of Tax and Fee Administration (cdtfa.ca.gov/office-locations.htm

4820 McGrath St., Ste. 270 
Ventura, CA 93003 

(800) 852-5711

Seller’s Permit:

Any business that sells or leases tangible personal property, makes three or more sales within a 12-month period, and (1) has a place of business in California, (2) has a representative in California, or (3) receives rental payments from the lease of tangible personal property tax in  California must obtain a State Seller’s Permit from the California Department of Tax and Fee  Administration (formerly the BOE). To determine if your business requires such a permit, you may first contact them by telephone. Be sure to check with the department below to determine if sales or use tax is applicable to your product or service and do not make assumptions that sales and use tax is not applicable to your business’s product or service. Learn more at CDTFA (cdtfa.ca.gov/formspubs/ pub107/#permit).

Resale Certification:

If a business wants to purchase the item(s) exclusively for resale, it can issue a resale certification that prevents them from paying sales tax twice. This certification can only be issued by a business with a valid seller’s permit. There are many ways to issue a resale certificate. To learn more about the different types and to download a worksheet resale certification you can provide to sellers please visit CDTFA Sales and Use Tax Regulations (cdtfa.ca.gov/lawguides/vol1/sutr/1668.html).

5. State and Local Taxes:

It is important that you research what additional local and state taxes may be applicable to your business. Review the information below to get started.

Local Taxes

Business personal property tax may apply to your business. If applicable, the Santa Barbara County Tax Assessor (countyofsb.org/care/assessor/home.sbc) will contact you regarding your property value. Be sure to comply and respond to requests from their office.

Santa Barbara Office of The Santa Barbara County Assessor’s Division  (countyofsb.org/CARE/Assessor/contact.sbc)
105 E. Anapamu St.  
Room 204 
Santa Barbara, CA 93101 

(805) 568-2550

Santa Maria Office of the Santa Barbara County Assessor’s Division (countyofsb.org/CARE/Assessor/contact.sbc)  
511 E. Lakeside Parkway 
Suite 115 
Santa Maria, CA 93455 

(805) 346-8310

Lompoc Office of the Santa Barbara County Assessor’s Division (countyofsb.org/CARE/Assessor/contact.sbc
By appointment only. Please complete their contact form here - (secure.countyofsb.org/care/contact/assessor)  
(805) 568-2550

State Taxes:

For more help understanding which state taxes may be applicable to your business, contact the California Tax Service Center. The California Tax Service Center works to provide one-stop tax help through taxpayer resources and educational programs. Learn more at California Tax Service Center (taxes.ca.gov).

6. Apply for Your Business License:

Now that you have completed the steps above you can contact the city that you will be conducting business in to apply for your business license. All cities require a business license in order to operate. Visit your City Hall in person or online to obtain an application. At the time of filing the application, a fee must be paid, and varies depending on the size and type of business. The license must be posted in plain sight at your place of business and must be renewed annually.

7. Register with the EDD:

If you operate a business and employ one or more employees, you must register as an employer with the Employment Development Department (EDD) when you pay wages in excess of $100 in a calendar quarter. For more information visit the EDD Payroll Taxes Information Website (https://edd.ca.gov/en/Payroll_Taxes/Am_I_Required_to_Register_as_an_Employer#:~:text=If%20you%20operate%20a%20business,more%20in%20a%20calendar%20quarter.).

8. Obtain a FEIN:

Employer Identification Number (referred to as FEIN) must be obtained for tax purposes through the IRS by filing form SS-4. You can apply for a FEIN number online through the IRS. There is no deadline for filing Form SS-4; however, to avoid substantial confusion, file your Form SS-4 early. If an income tax form is filed without a FEIN, the IRS will assign one. It is not uncommon for the IRS to assign more than one FEIN to a business, which can result in notices for delinquent tax returns that have been filed using a second FEIN. Apply at IRS FEIN Number (https://www.irs.gov/businesses/small-businesses-self-employed/apply-for-an-employer-identification-number-ein-online).

9. Obtain a Dun & Bradstreet Number:

Getting a Dun & Bradstreet D-U-N-S® Number for your business is the first step in establishing your business credit file. If you are already in business, you can call 1.888.814.1435 or visit Dun & Bradstreet (dnb.com/duns-number/get-a-duns.html).

Business Support Organizations

SCORE San Luis Obispo

SCORE offers free mentoring, a variety of free webinars, and workshops educating and supporting business leaders and entrepreneurs in all facets of starting and growing their businesses.  Website: sanluisobispo.score.org
P.O. Box 5416
San Luis Obispo, Ca 93403
(805) 547-0779
info@sloscore.org

Cal Poly Center for Innovation & Entrepreneurship. (SBDC):

The SBDC’s mission is to strengthen existing business entities, and assist start-ups through high-quality, no-cost counseling, high-quality, affordable training programs, and access to capital. Website: https://sbdc.calpoly.edu/contact/
872 Higuera St, 
San Luis Obispo, CA 93401

(805) 756-5171
slosbdc@gmail.com

Mission Community Services (Women’s Business Center)

Mission Community Services Corporation is dedicated to enhancing opportunities for potential entrepreneurs and small business owners to become self-sustaining, successful contributors to their communities, with special assistance for women, low-income, minority, veterans, and non-profit businesses in San Luis Obispo, Kern, and Monterey Counties.  Website: http://www.mcscorp.org/
71 Zaca Ln #130, 
San Luis Obispo, CA 93401

(805) 595-1357
info@mcscorp.org

Women’s Economic Ventures (WEV):

WEV programs combine classroom training, capital, and individual technical assistance to support the small business entrepreneur through start-up, stabilization, and growth phases. Most services are provided in Spanish and English.
Women’s Economic Ventures (wevonline.org)
21 East Canon Perdido Suite 301
Santa Barbara, CA 93101 

(805) 965-6073

Disclaimer
This document is intended to be used as a starting point to help business owners who are considering starting a new business in the Santa Maria Valley. It is not comprehensive. While everything in this article is intended to be accurate it is not intended as legal advice and should not be relied on as such. To obtain legal advice please contact a licensed California attorney.

Vineyard in Santa Maria California